Although acne is prevalent among young adults, it is not uncommon for people to experience flare-ups later in life. Hormonal changes are the leading cause of acne and can occur during teenage years, menstrual cycles, pregnancy or stressful circumstances.
The most common symptoms associated with acne include inflammation, bumps, pimples and swelling. If left untreated, acne can also lead to acute tenderness and scarring.
Medications can stop acne by addressing the underlying causes of the condition. For example, topical antibiotics work by killing the bacteria that can contribute to acne, while topical retinoids work by unclogging pores, reducing inflammation, and promoting skin cell turnover. Oral antibiotics work similarly to topical antibiotics, but they are able to reach bacteria that are deeper in the skin. In addition to treating acne, some medications can also prevent scarring and hyperpigmentation associated with the condition.